Prisoners are made vulnerable by their incarceration. In this environment, prisoners lose the opportunity to be their own decision-makers and exist in a dependent relationship with the prison system. General research ethics guidance for research with prisoners One unique consideration for disaster and humanitarian research involving prisoners is their physical environment. For example, during an infectious disease outbreak or public health emergency, physical incarceration in close quarters significantly increases disease transmission. Additionally, torture survivors live with deep psychological wounds due to the traumatic, multi-dimensional harm from their experiences. In both of these populations, collected data are sensitive and should remain confidential to the greatest extent possible. The research study should be reviewed continually to identify areas that may be producing more harm than benefit or may be creating undue coercion to this population. Red flags, such as a high drop-out rate or lack of long term improvement scores, should raise questions attention to possible protocol modifications.

Which of the following are features of your study?

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